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KNIGHTS-SURVEY Feb-11-2010 (690 words) With graphic to come. xxxn
Survey finds signs of hope, challenges among younger Catholics
By Nancy Frazier O'Brien
Catholic News Service
WASHINGTON (CNS) -- American Catholic adults under 30 share the commitment of older generations to philanthropy and volunteerism, but are more likely to believe that morals "are relative," according to a new survey commissioned by the Knights of Columbus.
The Marist College Institute for Public Opinion in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., conducted the survey Dec. 23-Jan. 4 among 2,243 Americans, including an oversample of 1,006 "millennials" -- those age 18 to 29.
The survey asked a wide range of questions about ideology, religious practices and beliefs, life goals and feelings about the nation's future, comparing the answers across generations and among Catholics in general, practicing Catholics who attend services at least once a month and Americans in general.
Among the survey's positive findings:
-- When asked to choose among five long-term life goals, 31 percent of millennials chose "to be spiritual or close to God" as their top goal, the highest among any generation.
-- Two-thirds (67 percent) of millennials and 71 percent of Catholic millennials said they had volunteered their time in the past 12 months, roughly equal to the percentages among other generations.
-- A majority of millennials (56 percent)and Catholic millennials (52 percent) had donated money to a charity in the past year. Although the percentages were higher at 67 percent for both Americans in general and American Catholics overall, the difference could be attributed to the fact that the younger people have lower incomes.
-- Well over half of millennials (61 percent) and Catholic millennials (65 percent) were very or somewhat interested in learning more about their faith. Among practicing Catholics, 84 percent said they were very or somewhat interested.
But the survey also had some negative findings:
-- Nearly two-thirds (64 percent) of millennials in general and 82 percent of Catholic millennials agreed with the statement that "morals are relative; that is, there is no definite right or wrong for everybody." A majority in every category except practicing Catholics (46 percent) agreed with that statement.
-- Only 33 percent of millennials and 25 percent of Catholic millennials said they attended religious services at least once a month.
-- Nearly two-thirds of Catholic millennials (64 percent) described themselves as at least somewhat more "spiritual" than "religious," about the same as millennials in general (66 percent) and Americans in general (63 percent).
-- Sixty-one percent of Catholic millennials said they believe it is OK for people of their religion to practice more than one religion, compared to 54 percent of Americans in general and 43 percent of practicing Catholics.
The survey also asked respondents to judge whether certain choices were morally acceptable, morally wrong or not a moral issue.
The majority of Americans (57 percent), millennials (58 percent), American Catholics (61 percent) and Catholic millennials (66 percent) said abortion was morally wrong, while more than half or nearly half of each group said gambling was not a moral issue.
The highest degree of unanimity was on claiming someone else's work as your own -- with more than 90 percent of each group saying it was morally wrong -- and on marital infidelity, judged morally wrong by percentages ranging from 87 percent (Catholic millennials) to 90 percent (Americans in general).
On the issue of same-sex marriage, 54 percent of Americans and 48 percent of American Catholics said it was morally wrong, but only 37 percent of millennial Catholics agreed with that view.
The margin of error for the survey was plus or minus 2 percentage points for Americans and plus or minus 3 percentage points for millennials.
"There is much good news for the church in this survey, especially when we consider that two in three Catholic young people want to learn more about the faith," said Carl Anderson, supreme knight of the Knights of Columbus, in a statement from Rome, where he was attending meetings at the Vatican.
"The church has a great opportunity to evangelize and has much to build on with the next generation of Catholics, but it must act and teach in a way that makes clear the reasons for church teaching as part of what our pope calls our 'yes' to Jesus Christ," Anderson added.
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