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 CNS Story:

PATRICK-FEAST (CORRECTED) Jul-25-2007 (570 words) xxxi

Irish Catholics to celebrate St. Patrick two days earlier in 2008

By Michael Kelly
Catholic News Service

DUBLIN, Ireland (CNS) -- Catholics in Ireland will celebrate the feast of St. Patrick two days earlier next year after the Vatican gave permission to move the feast day to avoid a conflict with Holy Week.

Traditionally St. Patrick and all things Irish are celebrated March 17. However, in 2008, March 17 falls on the Monday of Holy Week and, according to church law, the days of Holy Week and Easter rank above all others, so the solemnity of St. Patrick must be moved to another date.

When the conflict became apparent, officials from the Irish bishops' conference wrote the Vatican's Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments. The congregation approved the move earlier this year, but it only was made public in mid-July.

A source at the Irish bishops' conference who did not wish to be named told Catholic News Service that the bishops were "keen to keep a link with the civic celebrations by moving the feast to the nearest Saturday, in this case March 15."

"We hope that this will facilitate the religious celebration of the holy day while not interfering too much with people who wish to celebrate the importance of St. Patrick's Day as a symbol of all things Irish," he said.

It is the first time in almost 100 years that the feast of St Patrick will not be celebrated March 17. In 1913, the same conflict occurred, and in that case the church marked the feast April 1.

According to historians, March 17 is the traditional date given for the death of St. Patrick, and his feast has been celebrated on this day since the seventh century.

A spokesman for St. Patrick's Festival, the committee that organizes the civic celebrations in Dublin, said, "Parades and other cultural events will continue on the traditional feast day of St. Patrick, March 17."

St. Patrick's Day is a centerpiece in Ireland's tourism calendar, with an estimated 1 million people visiting annually to take part in celebrations.

St. Patrick is credited with bringing Christianity to Ireland in the year 432, and his preaching won the Emerald Isle the title of "land of saints and scholars."

The next time St. Patrick's Day will fall during Holy Week will be 2160.

Bishops of each nation may decide whether or not to move St. Patrick's Day, a Vatican official said July 25. Last year, however, the Vatican announced that the dates of the feasts of St. Joseph and of the Annunciation of the Lord were moved for all liturgical celebrations worldwide.

The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments announced last year that in 2008 the feast of St. Joseph will be celebrated March 15, the day before Palm Sunday, and the feast of the Annunciation will be celebrated March 31, the Monday after the second Sunday of Easter.

In 2008, if the feast of St. Joseph were to be celebrated March 19 as usual, it would fall on the Wednesday of Holy Week, and if the feast of the Annunciation of the Lord were to be celebrated March 25, it would fall on the Tuesday during the octave of Easter.

While the two feasts are among the 14 solemnities marked with special care in the Catholic Church, they do not take precedence over the commemoration of Christ's suffering, death and resurrection, the Vatican said.


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